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Born: 1901, Eccles, Yorkshire, England
Died: 1993, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada
 

Gweneth Lloyd began social and fancy dancing at age thirteen. She loved to dance and was determined to make it her career. She attended the Liverpool Physical Training College and during her first teaching job she reconnected with movement when she became interested in Ruby Ginner's Revived Greek Dance. Historian Anna Blewchamp argues that it was the emphasis on expressivity and musicality in the Revived Greek Dance that characterized Lloyd's choreography. In 1924, Lloyd left her job to study with Ginner full time. She complemented this training by studying Cecchetti and RAD ballet technique eventually becoming an examiner for the RAD. In 1926, Lloyd and a colleague opened a school in Leeds where she befriended a student named Betty Hey (later Farrally). The two immigrated to Canada settling in Winnipeg in 1938. Betty was 23, Gweneth, 36.
 

Upon their arrival, the pair opened the Canadian School of Ballet. There was an ample supply of dance teachers in Winnipeg in 1938, but Lloyd and Farrally wanted to contribute more than yet another training facility. They realized that to really foster ballet's development in their new prairie home, they needed to educate potential audience members. Within months of their arrival, they initiated the Winnipeg Ballet Club and offered free tuition to anyone accepted; they also held monthly lecture-demonstrations open to the public. They soon connected with a dynamic jack-of-all-trades named David Yeddeau. This "holy trinity", so called by later Royal Winnipeg Ballet artistic director Arnold Spohr, formed an unstoppable team that brought ballet to new heights in Canada. Lloyd was the choreographer, Farrally the rehearsal director and Yeddeau added experience in set design and construction, wardrobe and make-up, and stage management.
 

Following the performance programming developed by impresarios such as Serge Diaghilev, Lloyd decided she would create programmes that offered a mixture of white ballets, comic ballets along with a taste of the avant-garde. Anna Blewchamp describes Lloyd's process in The Encyclopedia of Theatre Dance in Canada, "Lloyd was one of few choreographers who could visualize complete works before she began rehearsals. She would listen to the music and write her ballets, sometimes with casts of over twenty dancers, with musical measures noted against her own personal notation of descriptions, ballet, national and Greek dance terminology, floor plans and figure drawings." Lloyd created truly Canadian ballets using Canadian themes in such works as Grain (1939), Kilowatt Magic (1939), The Shooting of Dan McGrew (1950) and Shadow on the Prairie (1952); using Canadian designers such as Robert Bruce (Dionysos, 1945) and Joseph Plaskett (Visages, 1949); and using Canadian composers such as Walter Kaufmann (Visages) and Robert Fleming (Shadow on the Prairie).
 

In 1948, the "holy trinity", along with Toronto teacher/choreographer Boris Volkoff, initiated the Canadian Ballet Festivals. The six festivals, presented in various Canadian cities between 1948 and 1954, brought a new popularity to ballet in Canada. The chief goal was to create an environment in which Canadian dancers could earn a living in their own country. This goal was reached in 1951 when Winnipeg Ballet dancers began receiving a small wage. Later that same year, the National Ballet of Canada made its debut. By 1952, dancers were making a living performing on television in Toronto and Montreal, and later Vancouver. By 1957, the Canada Council had formed and was funding the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, the National Ballet of Canada and Montreal-based Les Grands Ballets Canadiens.
 

Mixed in with all of this activity was Lloyd's work establishing a ballet department at the Banff School of Fine Arts. She initiated a ballet program within the Theatre Division in 1947; ballet became its own division in 1957. By the time Gweneth Lloyd left Banff in 1967, she and Farrally had resettled in Kelowna, British Columbia, having opened a new branch of the Canadian School of Ballet. Lloyd received numerous awards for her contribution to Canadian culture including the Order of Canada in 1969 and the Governor-General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Achievement just months before she died in 1993.

 

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CONTENTS

The entire portfolio contains many items related to Betty Farrally.

 

Box 1 Choreographic Notes

  • Notes from workshops attended 1951-1953
  • Choreographic notes from Winnipeg Ballet, Canadian School of Ballet (Winnipeg and Kelowna), individual notebooks for each work, dating from 1949-1978 with most works dated in the 1960s and 1970s
     

Box 2 Photographs, RAD Fellowship, Class/Choreographic Notes
 

  • Photographs: Winnipeg Ballet (1940s), Royal Winnipeg Ballet (early 1950s), The Banff Centre (1950s, 1960s, some snap shots c. 1985), personal snap shots, Canadian School of Ballet (Kelowna, BC)
  • Royal Academy of Dancing Fellowship
  • Various slides
  • Class and choreographic notes
     

Box 3 RAD Gazette, Music Scores, Realia
 

  • Magazines: The Dancing Times (issues primarily from 1960s including special supplement about the RAD in Canada); Dance Gazette (issues primarily from 1960 and 1970s), RAD Annual Reports (primarily 1970s)
  • Music Scores: Introspection by Robert Fleming (1960), Swan Lake pas de trois, Don Quixote pas de deux, Sleeping Beauty "Bluebird" pas de deux
  • Realia: costume jewellery, eye glasses and cases, pens, initialed brush
     

Box 4 House and Souvenir Programmes and Personal Materials
 

  • Royal Winnipeg Ballet souvenir programmes, 1952-1978 (incomplete)
  • Souvenir programmes from other dance companies including Les Grands Ballets Canadiens, The Royal Ballet, Moiseyev Dance Theatre, Korean Folk Dance Company, The Bolshoi Ballet
  • Banff School of Fine Arts brochures and programmes, 1957-1988 (incomplete)
  • Unpublished manuscript, "Next class, please", biography of Gweneth Lloyd by Esme Crampton
     

Box 5 Lloyd / Farrally Personal
 

  • Correspondence (including Mauryne Allan, Banff Centre, Banff Centre students and faculty, BC Premier Bill Bennett, Donald Cameron, Agnes De Mille, David Earle, Jennifer Penney, Royal Winnipeg Ballet, Mother Teresa)
  • Notebook from tribute evening in honour of Betty Farrally, signed by Brian Macdonald, David Earle, Annette av Paul and René Highway among others, July 29, 1983, Farrally Hall, The Banff Centre
  • Award documents (Diplôme d'honneur, Royal Bank Award, Order of Canada)
  • Eulogy for Mara McBirney by Mauryne Allan
  • Correspondence and photos regarding sponsored child in India
  • Obituaries, articles, letters of condolence following Betty Farrally's death (1989)
     

Box 6 Audio Tapes
 

  • 1/4 inch reel-to-reel audio tapes of music for a variety of works taught at the Canadian School of Ballet and the Banff School of Fine Arts (1970s)
     

Box 7 Books
 

Box 8 Books
 

Box 9 Photographs

 

  • Original and photocopied photographs from various Winnipeg Ballet productions including The Wager, Finishing School, Arabesque, Rondel, Kaleidescope, Through the Looking Glass, Chapter 13, The Shooting of Dan McGrew, Ballet Premiere, Ballet Composite, Intermede
  • Original and photocopied portrait photographs of Winnipeg Ballet artists including Marilyn Young, Gordon Wales, Richard Rutherford, Sonia Taverner, Joan Chasney, Arnold Spohr, Jean Stoneham, Jean McKenzie, Betty Farrally, Gweneth Lloyd, Bill McGrath, Marina Katronis, Carlu Carter, Joan Anderson
  • Obituaries for Gweneth Lloyd and David Yeddeau
  • Lawrence Adams' notes about Gweneth Lloyd
  • Transcript from "The Dance", CBC Radio, interview by William Littler with Gweneth Lloyd, September 17, 1978
  • Photocopies of magazine clippings, 1940s
     


Cross References
 

  • Portfolios:
    • David Adams Portfolio, Aida Alberts Electronic Archives, Josephine Andrews Portfolio, Anna Blewchamp Portfolio, Carlu Carter Portfolio, Jean McKenzie Portfolio, Arnold Spohr Electronic Archives, Gordon Wales Portfolio,
  • Oral History:
    • Oral History Collection (Gweneth Lloyd interviewing U.S. choreographer Martha Graham),
  • Painting of set design for Dionysos by Robert Bruce
  • Books:
    • Blewchamp, Anna. 2000. "Betty Farrally". In Susan Macpherson, ed. Encyclopedia of Theatre Dance in Canada/Encyclopédie de la Danse Théâtrale au Canada. Toronto: Dance Collection Danse Press/es.
      ISBN: 0-929003-42-X
    • Blewchamp, Anna. 2000. "Gweneth Lloyd". In Susan Macpherson, ed. Encyclopedia of Theatre Dance in Canada/Encyclopédie de la Danse Théâtrale au Canada. Toronto: Dance Collection Danse Press/es.
      ISBN: 0-929003-42-X
    • Crabb, Michael. 2003. An Instinct for Success: Arnold Spohr and the Royal Winnipeg Ballet. Toronto: Dance Collection Danse Press/es.
      ISBN: 0-929003-45-4
    • Wyman, Max. 2000. "Royal Winnipeg Ballet". In Susan Macpherson, ed. Encyclopedia of Theatre Dance in Canada/Encyclopédie de la Danse Théâtrale au Canada. Toronto: Dance Collection Danse Press/es.ISBN: 0-929003-42-X

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Betty Farrally, Gweneth Lloyd and dance students,
Banff School of Fine Arts, c. 1951

 

Works
 

Works choreographed for the Winnipeg Ballet (Source: Wyman, Max. 1978. The Royal Winnipeg Ballet: The First Forty Years. Toronto: Doubleday. ISBN: 0-385-14009-6.)

Kilowatt Magic (1939), Bedrich Smetana
Grain (
1939), unknown
Divertissements
(1940), Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
The Wager (1940), Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Beauty and the Beast
(1940), Barbara Pentland
Triple Alliance (
1941), various
Backstage 1897
(1941), Alexander Glazunov
Les Preludes
(1941), Franz Liszt
Façade Suite
(1941), William Walton
The Wise Virgins (
1942), Johann Sebastian Bach
Finishing School
(1942), Johann Strauss
Queen of Hearts
(1942), Joseph Haydn
Through the Looking Glass
[later known as Alice] (1942), Deems Taylor
Ballet Blanc
(1942), Anton Arensky
An American in Paris
(1943), George Gershwin
The Planets
(1943), Gustav Holst
Russalki
(1943), Mikhail Glinka
Etude
(1943), Fréderic Chopin
Kaleidoscope
(1945), traditional
Les Coryphées
(1945), Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Dionysos
(1945), Sergei Rachmaninov
Pleasure Cruise
(1946), Jacques Ibert and Dmitri Shostakovich
Arabesque I
(1947), Robert Schumann
Object Matrimony
(1947), Franz Schubert
Concerto (
1947), Sergei Rachmaninov
Chapter 13
(1947), originally George Gershwin, rescored by Robert Fleming in 1948
Allegory
(1948), César Franck
Visages
(1949), Walter Kaufmann
Arabesque II
(1949), Alexander Glazunov
Slavonic Dance
(1949), Walter Kaufmann\
Romance
(1949), Alexander Glazunov
The Rose and the Ring
(1949), Walter Kaufmann
The Shooting of Dan McGrew
(1950), Eric Wild
Rondel
(1951), Antonio Vivaldi
Shadow on the Prairie
(1952), Robert Fleming
 

Photos
 

Top: Gweneth Lloyd, c. 1990
Second from top: Gweneth Lloyd, c. 1949
Third from top: Betty Farrally, c. 1986
Bottom: Betty Farrally, c. 1948
 

 

"It's really sickening to have lost all my work but I've just had to grin and bear it."
- Gweneth Lloyd
(Letter to Lawrence and Miriam Adams, November 18, c. 1983)


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